Commercial Washers Operation
Front load washers work by filling the bottom of the inner tub with a small amount of water and using the rotation of the tub and gravity to move the clothes through the water. ... The side paddles on the inside basket lift the clothes and move them in and out of the water.
This frontload washer provides some of the same principles of operation as the typical topload washers.It senses water level, it dispenses the desired laundry detergent, agitates the clothes for good cleaning action, removes the water out of the washer and spins the clothing in preparation for the dryer.
The difference in operation is primarily the rotational washing agitation created for the horizontal basket and drum. This agitation tumbles the clothes in a clockwise, pause, and counter-clockwise direction. This reversing tumbling action provides an efficient washing process and requires less laundry detergent and less water.
The cycle begins by locking the loading door after the vend is satisfied. The type of cycle and water temperature are determined by the appropriate pads on the electronic control.
The inner basket starts agitating during the wash water fill. A column of air is trapped in a pressure bulb and hose. The air pressure continues to increase as the inner basket fills with water with the pressure sensor monitoring the water level.
The agitate step tumbles the clothing in a clockwise direction for a period of time, pauses for a period of time and then tumbles the clothing in a counterclockwise direction for a period of time. This agitation continues until the end of the wash cycle. The machine then stops agitating and turns on the pump or drain valve which removes the wash water.
Upon completion of the wash cycle, the machine goes into a rinse cycle. Fresh cold water is brought into the inner basket via the mixing valve until the fill level is satisfied. The rinse cycle consists of agitation for a predetermined amount of time then a spin mode with the pump running where the machine goes into a series of spins.
After all the rinse cycles have been completed, the washer goes into a final spin cycle to extract as much water as possible from the clothing to prepare them for the dryer. The spin speeds and duration of this final spin cycle are determined by the type of wash cycle selected.